Urinary track and vaginal infections in women

A Urinary tract infection (UTI) can affect any women in some part of their life. They’re caused by bacteria, particularly bacteria from the bowel. On average, women have a higher risk of UTIs than men. Since the female urethra (the tube through which urine, or pee, passes on its way out of the body) is shorter than the male urethra (the tube through which urine, or pee, passes on its way out of the body), bacteria may penetrate the urinary tract more easily.

A kind of bacteria found in the vagina may trigger recurrent UTIs, according to researchers. The findings help explain why sexual activity is associated with UTIs. When it gets into the bladder, the vaginal bacteria Gardnerella vaginalis causes dormant E. coli from a previous infection to start multiplying again, causing another UTI.

A UTI can affect any part of the urinary tract, which runs from the kidneys to the urethra. A bladder infection is the most common form of UTI.

Women who have a UTI may experience:

  • Urinary burning pain
  • Urinary pressure when your bladder is nearly empty
  • Feeling compelled to urinate regularly, particularly at night
  • Difficulty controlling when you urinate
  • Lower abdominal pain or back pain
  • Blood and/or pus in your urine
  • Fever

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